Lord Of The Rings Slots – Fellowship of the Ring Slot Game

Flight safety is something all pilots speak about. They live it, accept it, and always hope to choose it in their day-to-day lives in the aviation world. For the Super Cub fanatic, the Extended Slotted Wing from Dakota Cub offers pilots the opportunity to enhance their safety margin as well as boosting the climb performance of the aircraft.

Imagine flying your Super Cub at a high angle of attack with the airspeed indicator reading 20 mph, then rolling into 60-degrees of bank and initiating a climbing spiral while selecting a power setting that’s less than full throttle! That is the typical exhibition that sells the Dakota Cub Extended Slotted Wing. The second most talked about quality of this wing is the ability to have full flight control authority at high angles of attack. No more soft controls, plopping it down, or wing drop on stall.

Mark Erickson, the founder of Dakota Cub, began his mission in the 1990’s. All he wanted was a Cub rib. Nothing from Piper was available at a reasonable cost and since the Piper ribs were so fragile, he decided to build his own. He applied modern-day technology to an old Piper wing that was originally developed for the YL-14 liaison version of the J5C Cub. The YL-14 wing was a slotted wing. According to Erickson, there were only 14 of these aircraft built before the end of World War 2. They were specifically engineered for short take-offs of 100-feet and climbs with high angles of attack. There are only two of these still in the air today – one in Spain; the other in Nebraska.

The Dakota Cub Extended Slotted Wing has several variances when compared to the original Cub wing and the L-14 wing for that matter. Erickson revised the original Piper US35B airfoil used for the L-14. He developed a custom “T” shaped extrusion with the same dimensions that when used in building a truss-style rib, is lighter, simpler to work with, and more robust than the original wing. Erickson obtained a STC for the new wing in 1993. บาคาร่าออนไลน์

Erickson’s new rib only adds seven lbs to the weight of each original Piper wing. The new wing has been structurally tested to in access of 2,200 lbs, however, the STC limits the gross weight to 1,750 lbs for the original wing or 2,000 lbs for those wings equipped with the Wipaire One Ton Cub STC. This artificial reduction will hopefully be changed in the future. In the intervening years, Erickson has designed ribs and many other parts that are FAA PMA-ed for all rag-wing Pipers. Erickson was granted the STC for the full-length leading edge slot in 1998. This slot helps preserve the boundary layer of airflow at slow speeds. On top of that, Erickson engineered a squared off wing and got rid of the tip bow giving the wing an additional 6% surface area, increased the flaps which results in 44% more flap area, and pushed the ailerons outward 23-inches to the edge of the wing. He calls it the “Extended Wing.” The squared wing adds about 8 lbs to the original Piper wing.

Adding a slot to the Extended Wing adds another nine lbs per wing, but the increased safety envelope from which to fly is well worth the trade-off. The flight characteristics of the squared-off and slotted wing, which Erickson calls the “Extended Slotted Wing”, is the primary advantage and emphasis with regard to choice of wings to include in your Cub project. The Extended Slotted Wing is the best performing wing offered by Dakota Cub. It has a 135-inch slot, a squared-off wing with 102-inch ailerons, and a 90.25-inch flap. Dakota Cub also offers the standard Cub wing and a squared-off wing without the slot.

 

 

Take Advantage Of The Bonuses From Various Online Casinos In The Circuit

So you are looking for a fun-filled evening after a hard day’s work? We can understand your craving for fun, after working so hard at your workplace. You surely want to unwind yourself and relax, so that it rejuvenates you and make you fresh for the next day work. However, the dilemma with you might be like what can be an ideal entertainment that can relax your nerves and gives you an undiluted fun-filled evening? We often go through this motion of uncertainty, as we are not sure which activities to choose to relax in the evening. However, if you are a casino player you are unlikely to go through even a moment of uncertainty as you know that Fun Casino Evenings is the perfect way to unwind and relax in the evening. ทางเข้า ufabet ภาษาไทย

A seasoned player will not need the guidance or lecture on what constitutes Fun Casino Evenings. He will know what is in store for him in the evening, whether in an online casino or the real one. However, if you are fresh for the casino games we know that you will need some lessons and guidance on the features available for a fun-filled casino evenings. If you have a friend who is a regular casino player you can ask him to explain you the features available in the casino games, but if you are unfortunate in not having such friend, then do not despair.

For learning about the Fun Casino Evenings you can always make use of internet to find out what all this business is about and also its features, where to play and how to play. You do not need anybody to guide you, as you will find everything that you need to know about casino evenings that are both fun and exciting. There are many online casino sites that offer you fun-filled evenings and you can choose to play either for cash or just for fun. However, our suggestion to you would be that never attempt to play for cash unless you are confident that you know sufficiently to put a bet.

Fun Casino Evenings can include playing Roulette. To take part in this form of the game you must place your bets on the spin of a Roulette Wheel. You must risks with Odds and Evens or decide to increase your stake by up to 35-1 by speculating the number where the ball will come to rest on. There is also the Blackjack where the players play against the dealer trying to achieve the magic total of 21. Here the purpose is to beat the dealers when they turn the cards.

 

An Introduction to Slot Machines

Today’s slot machines come in different sizes, shapes, sounds, lights, and denominations. You can pull a handle, push a button, or even touch a screen. But after all is said and done they basically breakdown to two machines; video and reel.

There are no more mechanical reel machines, so even the reel machines today are computer controlled. Which simply means that, like the video games, built into the program there is a “random number generator” (RGN) which determines the spin of the wheel or the outcome of the video screen.

The (RNG) is generally set to payout 80% to 95%.

If a slot machine is set to payout 90%, that means over the course of hundreds of thousands of spins (and sometimes millions) it will pay back 90% of what was played into the machine.

If a slot machine is set at 80% payout, then it is considered a “tight” machine, because this gives the house a much higher advantage (20 cents out of every dollar).

If the slot machine is set at or closer to 95% payout then it is considered a “loose” machine, because it gives more back to the player, with the casino keeping only 5 cents out of every dollar.

However finding those loose machines can be a bit difficult. Dragon Tiger

It is up to the Casino Manager where they are placed, and this varies from casino to casino. There is no set place for these machines; it just depends on the Casino Managers philosophy of where he will get the best bang for the buck.

Generally speaking they are never placed next to each other (so those of you that like to play two machines at one time, be warned that probably at least one of them is “tight”).

They usually aren’t found near the table games or sportsbook (noise factor), nor are they found somewhere close to where lines are formed (i.e. restaurants, shows, etc.), they know you will play them anyway while you wait, so these are generally “tight” machines.

They are seldom or never the local “progressive machines”, local meaning machines linked within the casino, and definitely never the “progressive” machines that are linked to other casinos in the same city or state.

They are however sometimes found in high traffic areas, or high visible areas, and many times in the middle of the slots area, usually no more than one or two per bank of machines.

The higher traffic areas or high visible areas, so people walking by will see lights and hear bells going off, and in the middle of the slots area so other slots players will experience the same thing, lights, bells, noise, excitement…encouraging them to get in on the action or keep on playin’.

Sometimes you can ask, but they may or may not tell you. However making friends with the cocktail waitress and/or the change gal can’t hurt, they know, they work the casino floor every day.

 

Online Slots Casinos – Choosing a Game – Payment – Cash Out Options – Etc

If you want to learn tips on how to win the best online slots, then read this. You will learn how to play and win in free online slots and earn more profits while having so much fun.

The Internet is full of websites containing the best online slots. In this very sophisticated and modern world, there are many online casinos which offer a number of slot games to a number of individuals. Many people like to play online because it allows them to earn more money. In deed, there are many ways on how to earn more profits when you register in online casinos.

Although, playing online slots is beneficial, you still need to learn how to choose a good website. This is because there are many websites that many not offer the most advantageous services to its customers. That is why you need to verify the reputation of the online casino first before you actually sign up. You can do a little research and learn about its reputation, credibility, and reliability. Take note that when you sign up, you will be giving them your account information. So, you must also verify if all your personal and account information are secured and safe in their website. 먹튀검증업체 먹튀폴리스

Playing online has a lot of benefits when it comes to making profits. Even if you don’t win regularly, you can still earn more money. Most of the websites offer a number of promos which you can enjoy. There are also times that the online casinos will set a particular period of time to give extra bonus such as additional amount of bankroll when you play one of their best online slots.

All online casinos give out a lot of sign-up bonuses upon registration. After you register you are able to get freebies or some initial amounts for your bankroll. From time to time these websites also conduct raffle draws wherein its members can win a lot of instant prizes like big amount of cash, electronic gadgets, or even houses and cars.

These are just some of the many ways on how you can earn more profits in online slots. Of course, you can also win when you play. There are many slot games available in these websites. You can choose any game which you feel that will let you win always. You have the option to play in machines which offer little amounts of prizes or you can also play in the ones with really big jackpot prizes. Whichever you choose to play with, always remember that the higher the amount of the prize is, the more difficult the odds will be.

When you play slot games over the Internet, you can still apply all the strategies and techniques which you have learned while playing land-based machines. If you are new in casino games, especially in slots, online casinos are the best place where you can practice playing. It is hassle-free and because it is done online, you can always play the best online slots anytime and anywhere you want as long as there is internet connection.

 

High Roller Slot Machines

Slot machines are the most popular form of casino entertainment, both at land-based and online casinos. The main categories of online slot machines are classic 3-reel slots, 5-reel and 7-reel video slots, interactive i-Slots, and progressive jackpots. This article summarizes five of the newest online slot machines from Rival Gaming software, including Bust A Vault, Fixer Upper, Moonlight Mystery, Psychedelic Sixties, and Spy Game.

Bust A Vault is 3-reel, single pay-line slot about a bank robbery. Released in July, 2009, Bust A Vault accepts coins from 1¢ to $5.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 3 ($15.00). There are 33 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Safe), and a multiplier symbol (Vault). There are no scatters, free spins, or bonus games. Symbols on the reels include Safe, Single Bar, Double Bar, Triple Bar, Cherries, and Oranges.

Fixer Upper is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line i-Slot that is based on the popular American television series Extreme Home Makeover. Released in October, 2009, Fixer Upper accepts coins from 1¢ to 25¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($50.00). There are 32 ways to win, a top jackpot of 8,888 coins, wilds (Ladder), scatters (Handywoman), up to 50 free spins, and a bonus game. To win the 50 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Handywoman symbols on the reels. Three or more Wrench symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Hammer, Brush, Saw, and Shovel.

Based in foggy London, Moonlight Mystery is a 5-reel, 15 pay-line slot that has a detective theme. Released in September, 2009, Moonlight Mystery accepts coins from 1¢ to $1.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 75 ($75.00). There are 28 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Poison), scatters (Lantern), 10 free spins, and a Who Dunnit Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Lantern symbols on the reels. Three or more Body symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Lady Dunnit, Magnifying Glass, Maid, Butler, and Inspector. 먹튀검증

Psychedelic Sixties is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line i-Slot about the 1960’s era of peace and love. Released in July, 2009, Psychedelic Sixties accepts coins from 1¢ to 25¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($50.00). There are 27 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Love), scatters (Bus), 10 free spins, and a Psychedelic Sixties Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Motorcycle symbols on the reels. Three or more Bus symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Flower, Hippies, Love, and Peace Sign.

Spy Game is a 5-reel, 15 pay-line i-Slot that has an James Bond theme. Released in August, 2009, Spy Game accepts coins from 1¢ to $1.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 75 ($75.00). There are 21 ways to win, a top jackpot of 800 coins, wilds (Top Secret), scatters (Pistol), 10 free spins, and an Assemble a Bomb Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Pistol symbols on the reels. To activate the bonus round, you need to hit Wires and Detonator symbols during the free spins feature. Symbols on the reels include James Bond, Attache Case, and Missile.

So there you have it, five of the newest online slot machines from Rival Gaming sot. Whether you play slot machines in Las Vegas or at your favorite online casino, decide beforehand how much you want to spend during your gambling session and don’t exceed the spending limit should you lose.

 

 

Choosing an Online Slot Machine

If you want to learn 21 useful slot machine tips, then read this. You will learn free slot machine tips which will allow you to win regularly as you play in casinos.

Today, there are many people who want to get tips so that they can win on a regular basis. Playing slots have been proven to provide so much fun and excitement for many individuals. Aside from that if playing this game has also given many players the chance to gain profits in just a few hours of playing. If you are someone who is still starting or learning how to play slot machines, here are some tips for you: เสือมังกร

• So that you won’t lose a lot of money right away, you can start playing with low denomination machines like pennies and nickels. This is a good way to practice your skills. Starting with low denomination machines will also allow you to be familiar with the mechanics of the machines and develop your own techniques or strategies.

• Playing for small jackpots can also be a good way to practice playing slots. Machines with big jackpot amounts can be very attractive. However, winning here can be impossible because the odds are difficult due to the number of symbol combinations that you need to make. Small jackpot machines may offer small payouts but the payouts are given more frequently, so chances of winning are greatly possible with these types of machines.

• One of the important slot machine tips that you should ponder on is to set an amount of money before playing. You must set your own “loss limit”. This means that you should set a certain amount which you are willing to risk in case you will lose. When you reach this loss limit, it should be an indication for you to quit playing and reserve the rest of your bankroll for future games.

• Another tip would be to pick a machine with three reels instead of four. Sometimes most newbie players think that they have more chances of winning in four-reel machines. In fact, there is less chance of winning here. If you want to win more, it is suggested that you play with three-reel slot machines.

• Some would find video slot machines better than those with reels. If you want to play with video slot machines, it is highly recommended that you focus playing on a machine with at least 9 or more pay lines. This is because the ones with more pay lines will give you better chances of winning big is you strike it big. If you have a good budget in your bankroll, play with the one with more than 9 pay lines. But, if your bankroll is not that much, then machines with 9 pay lines is a good place to start.

The most important thing to remember when you are gambling is to know your limits in terms of how much money are you willing to lose when you lose and until how much you will get satisfied when you win. So, that you will not lose too much money on gambling, you need to when is the right time to keep on playing and when is the right time to cash out and leave. These are just simple slot machine tips which are helpful in maximizing your bankroll and in letting you enjoy the game more.

 

How to Win in Slot Machines – Improve Slot Machine Odds

If you want to learn 21 useful slot machine tips, then read this. You will learn free slot machine tips which will allow you to win regularly as you play in casinos.

Today, there are many people who want to get tips so that they can win on a regular basis. Playing slots have been proven to provide so much fun and excitement for many individuals. Aside from that if playing this game has also given many players the chance to gain profits in just a few hours of playing. If you are someone who is still starting or learning how to play slot machines, here are some tips for you: เสือมังกร

• So that you won’t lose a lot of money right away, you can start playing with low denomination machines like pennies and nickels. This is a good way to practice your skills. Starting with low denomination machines will also allow you to be familiar with the mechanics of the machines and develop your own techniques or strategies.

• Playing for small jackpots can also be a good way to practice playing slots. Machines with big jackpot amounts can be very attractive. However, winning here can be impossible because the odds are difficult due to the number of symbol combinations that you need to make. Small jackpot machines may offer small payouts but the payouts are given more frequently, so chances of winning are greatly possible with these types of machines.

• One of the important slot machine tips that you should ponder on is to set an amount of money before playing. You must set your own “loss limit”. This means that you should set a certain amount which you are willing to risk in case you will lose. When you reach this loss limit, it should be an indication for you to quit playing and reserve the rest of your bankroll for future games.

• Another tip would be to pick a machine with three reels instead of four. Sometimes most newbie players think that they have more chances of winning in four-reel machines. In fact, there is less chance of winning here. If you want to win more, it is suggested that you play with three-reel slot machines.

• Some would find video slot machines better than those with reels. If you want to play with video slot machines, it is highly recommended that you focus playing on a machine with at least 9 or more pay lines. This is because the ones with more pay lines will give you better chances of winning big is you strike it big. If you have a good budget in your bankroll, play with the one with more than 9 pay lines. But, if your bankroll is not that much, then machines with 9 pay lines is a good place to start.

The most important thing to remember when you are gambling is to know your limits in terms of how much money are you willing to lose when you lose and until how much you will get satisfied when you win. So, that you will not lose too much money on gambling, you need to when is the right time to keep on playing and when is the right time to cash out and leave. These are just simple slot machine tips which are helpful in maximizing your bankroll and in letting you enjoy the game more.

 

Creating Your Own Casino System

Slot machines are the most popular form of casino entertainment, both at land-based and online casinos. The main categories of online slot machines are classic 3-reel slots, 5-reel and 7-reel video slots, interactive i-Slots, and progressive jackpots. This article summarizes five of the newest online slot machines from Rival Gaming software, including Bust A Vault, Fixer Upper, Moonlight Mystery, Psychedelic Sixties, and Spy Game.

Bust A Vault is 3-reel, single pay-line slot about a bank robbery. Released in July, 2009, Bust A Vault accepts coins from 1¢ to $5.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 3 ($15.00). There are 33 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Safe), and a multiplier symbol (Vault). There are no scatters, free spins, or bonus games. Symbols on the reels include Safe, Single Bar, Double Bar, Triple Bar, Cherries, and Oranges.

Fixer Upper is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line i-Slot that is based on the popular American television series Extreme Home Makeover. Released in October, 2009, Fixer Upper accepts coins from 1¢ to 25¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($50.00). There are 32 ways to win, a top jackpot of 8,888 coins, wilds (Ladder), scatters (Handywoman), up to 50 free spins, and a bonus game. To win the 50 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Handywoman symbols on the reels. Three or more Wrench symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Hammer, Brush, Saw, and Shovel. คาสิโนออนไลน์

Based in foggy London, Moonlight Mystery is a 5-reel, 15 pay-line slot that has a detective theme. Released in September, 2009, Moonlight Mystery accepts coins from 1¢ to $1.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 75 ($75.00). There are 28 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Poison), scatters (Lantern), 10 free spins, and a Who Dunnit Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Lantern symbols on the reels. Three or more Body symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Lady Dunnit, Magnifying Glass, Maid, Butler, and Inspector.

Psychedelic Sixties is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line i-Slot about the 1960’s era of peace and love. Released in July, 2009, Psychedelic Sixties accepts coins from 1¢ to 25¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($50.00). There are 27 ways to win, a top jackpot of 2,000 coins, wilds (Love), scatters (Bus), 10 free spins, and a Psychedelic Sixties Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Motorcycle symbols on the reels. Three or more Bus symbols activate the bonus round. Symbols on the reels include Flower, Hippies, Love, and Peace Sign.

Spy Game is a 5-reel, 15 pay-line i-Slot that has an James Bond theme. Released in August, 2009, Spy Game accepts coins from 1¢ to $1.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 75 ($75.00). There are 21 ways to win, a top jackpot of 800 coins, wilds (Top Secret), scatters (Pistol), 10 free spins, and an Assemble a Bomb Bonus Round. To win the 10 free spins, you need to hit 3 or more Pistol symbols on the reels. To activate the bonus round, you need to hit Wires and Detonator symbols during the free spins feature. Symbols on the reels include James Bond, Attache Case, and Missile.

So there you have it, five of the newest online slot machines from Rival Gaming sot. Whether you play slot machines in Las Vegas or at your favorite online casino, decide beforehand how much you want to spend during your gambling session and don’t exceed the spending limit should you lose.

 

 

Slot machines are the most popular form of casino entertainment

Slot machines are the most popular form of casino entertainment, both at land-based and online casinos. The main categories of online slot machines are classic 3-reel slots, 5-reel and 7-reel video slots, interactive i-Slots, and progressive jackpots. This article summarizes 5 online slot machines that have Christmas and winter themes, including Cabin Fever, Ho Ho Ho, Jingle Bells, Rudolph’s Revenge, and Santa Paws.

Cabin Fever is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line slot from Microgaming that has a winter theme. It accepts coins from 1¢ to 50¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($100). There are 37 ways to win, a top jackpot of 5,000 coins, wilds (Wild Blizzard), scatters (Squirrel), and 20 free spins. To win the 20 free spins, you need to hit two Sun symbols on reels 1 and 5. Symbols include Wild Blizzard, Squirrel, Television, Cherries, Plums, and Oranges.

Ho Ho Ho is a 5-reel, 15 pay-line slot from Microgaming that has a Christmas theme. It accepts coins from 1¢ to 50¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 150 ($75). There are 32 ways to win, a top jackpot of 15,000 coins, wilds (Santa), scatters (Gift), and 20 free spins. To win the 20 free spins, you need to hit three or more Gift symbols on the reels. Symbols include Santa, Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, Turkey, Christmas Tree, Eggnog, and Pudding.

Jingle Bells is a classic 3-reel, 5 pay-line slot from Microgaming that has a Christmas theme. It accepts coins from 25¢ to $5.00, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 5 ($25). There are 9 ways to win, a top jackpot of 6,000 coins, and wilds (Bells). Symbols on the reels include Bells and Holly. คาสิโนออนไลน์

Rudolph’s Revenge is a 5-reel, 50 pay-line progressive slot from Real Time Gaming that has a Christmas theme. It has a fixed coin size of 4¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 50 ($2.00). There are 21 ways to win, wilds (Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer), scatters (Bomb), and 7 free spins. To win the 7 free spins, you need to hit three Bomb symbols on the reels. Symbols include Bound Santa Claus, Rudolph, Gifts, Bomb, and Snow House.

Santa Paws is a 5-reel, 20 pay-line slot from Microgaming that has a Christmas theme. It accepts coins from 1¢ to 25¢, and the maximum number of coins that you can bet per spin is 200 ($50). There are 40 ways to win, wilds (Santa Paws), scatters (Penguin), and 12 free spins. To win the 12 free spins, you need to hit three or more Penguin symbols on the reels. Symbols include Santa Paws, Rudolph, Seal, Owl, Fox, Ace, King, Queen, Jack, and Ten.

So there you have it, five online slot machines that have Christmas and winter themes. Whether you play slot machines in Las Vegas or at your favorite online casino, decide beforehand how much you want to spend during your gambling session and don’t exceed the spending limit should you

When Your Smoke Bomb Kit is a Dud Try This

Sometimes, learning how to make a colored smoke bomb can be tricky. Even if you think you already know how! You can still have problems getting your colored smoke to burn bright and without sputtering even if you’re an old pro at making smoke bombs.

Many people get their smoke supplies from suppliers that have been offering organic powdered dye pre-mixed with the other necessary colored smoke chemicals for years. These premixed colored smoke components make it a lot faster and easier to make smoke grenades and smoke bombs. Typically you can buy a pound of the colored smoke mix, combine it with a pre-measured amount of potassium chlorate (KClO3), load it into a capped tube, insert the Visco fuse and voila! You have a homemade smoke bomb, ready to light and enjoy. Usually. sanaleo cbd

Occasionally I would have problems getting the colored smoke to light. When this problem became repetitious, I decided to roll up my sleeves and look into it. What I found was anything but earth shattering, but a good lesson in simple pyrotechnic detective work and it is exactly the same kind of problem diagnosis and solution process which anyone who makes fireworks will eventually run into.

The purpose of purchasing a colored smoke bomb kits is to make it simple and fast to make a smoke bomb. But suppliers perhaps have made it too simple, they may overlook the obvious. I was mixing the two-part colored smoke components (smoke mix and KClO3) correctly, according to the instructions my supplier provided but when I tried to light the newly assembled smoke bomb it wouldn’t burn or it would light and then sputter and fizz out.

Ideally when you light the smoke grenade it is supposed to smolder, not catch on fire. The key is having exactly the right ratio of the potassium chlorate oxidizer to smoke mix fuel. Wrong measurements in one direction and your mix will burn too fast and you won’t get the colored smoke you want, instead black, brown, or some other unimpressive colored smoke. Err in the opposite direction and your smoke mix will not ignite at all. Accurate measurements are critical.

I took my problem to my supplier and they jumped right in. They took samples from the batch of smoke mix that my kit had come from, identified by lot number, mixed it properly with the KClO3, and touched it off outside the office. They too, had some kind of a problem. Initial thought was that perhaps the lab which formulates their colored smoke mixes in large quantities, had changed the composition in some way. We called them up and they said nothing was different, but chemicals can vary from batch to batch and unless you do time consuming and expensive testing of each new batch you may never know.

We found that if we increased the amount of KClO3 added to the smoke mix, that we could get it to burn sometimes, the problem persisted. Then an idea pulled from the sky; one or both of the two-part smoke mixture must have gotten clumpy which happens when a powdered chemical gets a little bit of moisture in it thereby increasing the particle size. Upon close observation you could see that the KClO3 had indeed developed clumps. We sifted some of the blue smoke mix through a 30-mesh kitchen strainer and found the same thing. Theory confirmed! The thought that the powdered chemical composition in the kits was indeed subject to humidity and that this was affecting the burn was accurate.

When particle sizes are larger surface area is decreased. The pyrotechnic burn you need depends on many little particles of fuel and oxidizer being in close contact with each other. We were confident we had the mix proportions exactly right as long as the particle size was fine and free flowing. But with the humidity induced clumps the two powders now had decreased the interactive surface area which was no longer adequate for the recipe we were using. That’s why adding a little more potassium chlorate had solved the problem for some of the tests, the decreased surface area meant that if we changed the ratio of oxidizer to smoke fuel we could indeed get the smoke mix to light. There had to be a revision in the method of mixing and milling the chemicals and confirm the smoke fuel to KClO3 ratio.